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Though women constitute a substantial proportion of work force in agriculture and other economic activities, the factors and extent to which family care activities consume their economic productive time compared to their male counterparts is largely unreported. In the current study, we aimed to comparatively understand the differences in time that women and men spend on economic and family care activities. Methodology: This cross-sectional study involved 646 participants, 323 resident married women aged between 18 and 49 years and their 323 spouses from six villages in six wards of Morogoro district. Participants were interviewed specifically to provide data on the time they spend in productive and family care activities to establish any difference in time expenditure between men and women within the same household. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected using a structured questionnaire and focus group discussions, respectively. Student T test was used to analyze quantitative data by comparing mean time differences between men and women, content analysis was used to analyze qualitative data. Results: Results show that the time spent by women and men in productive and care activities differ significantly (p<0.01). Compared to men, women spend 2.23 hours less per day in economic production. Conversely, women spend 1.20 hours more in family care and 2.12 hours more in child nursing activities in a day. Nearly sixty five percent (64.8%) of the women spend 3 hours or more to attend Maternal and Child Health (MCH) services per visit.
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