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Uganda’s public agricultural extension system experienced several reforms since colonial times. However, available literature indicates that a large number of smallholder farmers remain unreached by the extension systems. To address the above problem, there has been a call to unearth the role of participatory and Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs)-led extension and learning approaches for agricultural and environmental education, and development in the country. As such, a review study was conducted on the context and the potential of participatory and ICT-led extension and learning approaches to agricultural and environmental education. The reviews involved thematic and content analysis of variables of interest. From the review, we present a critical review of the historical and current state of agricultural extension reforms in Uganda. We also highlight the challenges and lessons on the status, context and potential of participatory and ICT-led extension and learning in agricultural and environmental education in Uganda. The review elaborates on recurring extension issues and describes the experiences on the role of ICTs to extension and emerging practices that are enhancing the delivery of timely information that suits the needs of farmers. Policy recommendations have been made to tap the potential of participatory, and ICT-led extension and learning approaches in order to enhance performance of agricultural extension systems in Uganda.
Keywords: Access, coverage, extension, inclusion, interaction, service delivery and quality, Uganda
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