Determinants of household’s choice of livelihood diversification strategies in Chobe district, Botswana

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Mackenzie Lesego
John Mburu
Keneilwe Kgosikoma


In order to ensure reduced poverty levels and improved standard of living, the government of Botswana is aiming at diversifying its economy from mining to agriculture, industry, manufacturing, services and tourism. However, there is no quantitative empirical evidence of factors that influence households’ choice of livelihood diversification strategies in the Chobe District. Primary data was collected from three villages in Chobe District and analyzed using multinomial logit model. The determinants of diversification to crop farming, livestock farming, crop and livestock farming and tourism-based activities, crop and livestock farming were age, income, market access, land ownership, farm size and access to extension services. The diversification of rural livelihood strategies is important in reducing rural poverty. Based on the results, there is need to improve market access and land ownership. In addition, younger members of the community should be educated and trained for profitable diversification.

Key words: Agriculture, diversification, livelihoods, and multinomial logit

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