Perceived benefits of upgrading in pig value chains: A gender perspective of smallholder pig farmers in Uganda

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Rosemirta Birungi
Florence Kyazze Birungi
Frank. B. Matsiko
Justine Nambi
Stella Makokha
Maria Jones


Pig farming is dynamic and a rapidly growing sub-sector involving about two million farmers in Uganda. Smallholder farmers perceive pig farming as a "live bank” for addressing household basic needs as soon as money is needed. However, benefits accruing to men and women involved in smallholder pig farming have not been documented, consequently the nature of benefits and who (by gender) benefits what  upon upgrading of pig value chains is not known. This paper explains the socio-demopgraphic characteristics of smallholder farmers and benefits accrued to men and women farmers in relation to number of pigs held. Multistage sampling technique was used to collect data on 179 smallholder pig farmers in Lira and Masaka districts of Uganda. An explanatory factor analysis was conducted to identify suitable items for each benefit construct. Cronbach's alpha was calculated to show construct reliability of income, asset ownership, food and nutrition, social capital and leisure items. Ordinal Least Square was used to analyse benefit factors influencing upgrading. Income is male farmers’ most important benefit of upgrading, while food and nutrition and leisure are female farmers’ most important benefits derived from upgrading in pig value chains. Failure to understand the perceived benefits by women and men in agricultural value chains would lead to implementation of upgrading interventions that could unintentionally harm rather than benefit women; yet they are the most labour providers in smallholder agricultural production.

Key words: gender, benefits, value chains, pig farming

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