Comparative Analysis of Farmer-to-Farmer and Participatory Extension Approaches in promoting Adoption of Maize Postharvest Handling Technologies among Smallholder Farmers in Uganda

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Jennifer Apil
Peter Atekyereza
Grace Akumu
John. H. Muyonga
Julius M. Wambete
James. S. Kato
Florence Kiyimba

Abstract

Adoption of recommended postharvest handling (PHH) methods for maize is still low in Uganda due to ineffective dissemination approaches used. This article assessed effectiveness of farmer to farmer (FTF) and participatory (PA) extension approaches in promoting adoption of maize PHH technologies among 21 farmer groups in Apac, Kamuli and Nakasongola districts. Qualitative data were collected using Focus Group Discussions on observed behaviour practices and, analyzed using content and thematic method. Quantitative data was collected using proportionate and random sampling of 210 farmers. Using Statistical Package for Social Sciences, descriptive statistics on technologies used were generated. Correlations were run for relationships between extension approaches and adoption of technologies. It was anticipated that FTF had potential for promoting PHH technologies than PA. However, PA registered higher level in sustainable utilization of adopted technologies compared to FTF. Therefore, collective participation and regular monitoring in agriculture extension is key for sustainable outcomes of interventions.


Key words: Participatory, Farmer-to-Farmer, Extension, Postharvest Handling technology, Adoption, Uganda

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